According to historical records, chestnut was cultivated in Anatolia and then passed to Europe. Chestnut tree, scientifically referred to as “castenea”, is a member of fagaceae family and grows in the temperate regions of North Hemisphere. The upright-stemmed, reddish shelled and sclerophyllous chestnut is mostly grown in Aydın, in our country. Many nutritional elements contained have taken an important place in human nutrition from time immemorial. It is colloquially named as “bread of mountains”. It is an organic farming product grown free from any agricultural pesticide or fertilizer. It contains high quality digestible fibrous materials, proteins, a trace of lipids, minerals, vitamins B1, B2 and C and particularly starch and various saccharides..